Staff member publications
Li, Jiahui, Tiberi, Riccardo, Canals, Pere, Vargas, Daniel, Castaño, Oscar, Molina, Marc, Tomasello, Alejandro, Ribo, Marc, (2023). Double stent-retriever as the first-line approach in mechanical thrombectomy: a randomized in vitro evaluation Journal Of Neurointerventional Surgery , jnis-2022
BackgroundA repeated number of passes during mechanical thrombectomy leads to worse clinical outcomes in acute ischemic stroke. Initial experiences with the simultaneous double stent-retriever (double-SR) technique as the first-line treatment showed promising safety and efficacy results.ObjectiveTo characterize the potential benefits of using the double-SR as first-line technique as compared with the traditional single-SR approach.MethodsThree types of clot analogs (soft, moderately stiff, and stiff) were used to create terminal internal carotid artery (T-ICA=44) and middle cerebral artery (MCA=88) occlusions in an in vitro neurovascular model. Sixty-six cases were randomized into each treatment arm: single-SR or double-SR, in combination with a 0.071" distal aspiration catheter. A total of 132 in vitro thrombectomies were performed. Primary endpoints were the rate of first-pass recanalization (%FPR) and procedural-related distal emboli.ResultsFPR was achieved in 42% of the cases. Overall, double-SR achieved a significantly higher %FPR than single-SR (52% vs 33%, P=0.035). Both techniques showed similar %FPR in T-ICA occlusions (single vs double: 23% vs 27%, P=0.728). Double-SR significantly outperformed single-SR in MCA occlusions (63% vs 38%, P=0.019), most notably in saddle occlusions (64% vs 14%, P=0.011), although no significant differences were found in single-branch occlusions (64% vs 50%, P=0.275). Double-SR reduced the maximal size of the clot fragments migrating distally (Feret diameter=1.08±0.65 mm vs 2.05±1.14 mm, P=0.038).ConclusionsThis randomized in vitro evaluation demonstrates that the front-line double-SR technique is more effective than single-SR in achieving FPR when treating MCA bifurcation occlusions that present saddle thrombus.
JTD Keywords: endovascular treatment, guidelines, health, technique, thrombectomy, Acute ischemic-stroke, Stroke