by Keyword: Respiratory rate

Estrada-Petrocelli, L, Lozano-Garcia, M, Jane, R, Torres, A, (2021). Assessment of the Non-linear Response of the fSampEn on Simulated EMG Signals Conference Proceedings : ... Annual International Conference Of The Ieee Engineering In Medicine And Biology Society. Ieee Engineering In Medicine And Biology Society. Conference 2021, 5582-5585

Fixed sample entropy (fSampEn) is a promising technique for the analysis of respiratory electromyographic (EMG) signals. Its use has shown outperformance of amplitude-based estimators such as the root mean square (RMS) in the evaluation of respiratory EMG signals with cardiac noise and a high correlation with respiratory signals, allowing changes in respiratory muscle activity to be tracked. However, the relationship between the fSampEn response to a given muscle activation has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to analyze the nature of the fSampEn measurements that are produced as the EMG activity increases linearly. Simulated EMG signals were generated and increased linearly. The effect of the parameters r and the size of the moving window N of the fSampEn were evaluated and compared with those obtained using the RMS. The RMS showed a linear trend throughout the study. A non-linear, sigmoidal-like behavior was found when analyzing the EMG signals using the fSampEn. The lower the values of r, the higher the non-linearity observed in the fSampEn results. Greater moving windows reduced the variation produced by too small values of r.Clinical Relevance - Understanding the inherent non-linear relationship produced when using the fSampEn in EMG recordings will contribute to the improvement of the respiratory muscle activation assessment at different levels of respiratory effort in patients with respiratory conditions, particularly during the inspiratory phase © 2021 IEEE.

JTD Keywords: Breathing muscle, Breathing rate, Electromyography, Entropy, Heart, Human, Humans, Respiratory muscles, Respiratory rate