by Keyword: Ridge augmentation

Johansson, Linh, Latorre, Jose Luis, Liversain, Margaux, Thorel, Emilie, Raymond, Yago, Ginebra, Maria-Pau, (2024). Three-Dimensional Printed Patient-Specific Vestibular Augmentation: A Case Report Journal Of Clinical Medicine 13, 2408

Background: The anterior maxilla is challenging regarding aesthetic rehabilitation. Current bone augmentation techniques are complex and 3D-printed bioceramic bone grafts can simplify the intervention. Aim: A four-teeth defect in the anterior maxilla was reconstructed with a 3D-printed synthetic patient-specific bone graft in a staged approach for dental implant delivery. Methods: The bone graft was designed using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images. The bone graft was immobilized with fixation screws. Bone augmentation was measured on CBCT images at 11 days and 8 and 13 months post-surgery. A biopsy sample was retrieved at reentry (10 months post-augmentation) and evaluated by histological and micro-computed tomography assessments. The definitive prosthesis was delivered 5 months post-reentry and the patient attended a visit 1-year post-loading. Results: A total bone width of 8 mm was achieved (3.7 mm horizontal bone gain). The reconstructed bone remained stable during the healing period and was sufficient for placing two dental implants (with an insertion torque > 35 Ncm). The fractions of new bone, bone graft, and soft tissue in the biopsy were 40.77%, 41.51%, and 17.72%, respectively. The histological assessment showed no signs of encapsulation, and mature bone was found in close contact with the graft, indicating adequate biocompatibility and suggesting osteoconductive properties of the graft. At 1-year post-loading, the soft tissues were healthy, and the dental implants were stable. Conclusions: The anterior maxilla's horizontal ridge can be reconstructed using a synthetic patient-specific 3D-printed bone graft in a staged approach for implant placement. The dental implants were stable and successful 1-year post-loading.

JTD Keywords: Case report, synthetic, biomaterial, bone grafting, horizontal ridge augmentation, patient-specific, 3d printin, Ridge augmentation, implant, bone