by Keyword: Gb3

Villasante, A, Corominas, J, Alcon, C, Garcia-Lizarribar, A, Mora, J, Lopez-Fanarraga, M, Samitier, J, (2024). Identification of GB3 as a Novel Biomarker of Tumor-Derived Vasculature in Neuroblastoma Using a Stiffness-Based Model Cancers 16, 1060

Simple Summary Neuroblastoma (NB), a prevalent childhood cancer, presents challenges in treatment due to its cellular diversity and the presence of tumor-derived endothelial cells (TECs) associated with chemoresistance. We lack specific biomarkers for TECs, hindering effective therapies. We developed a stiffness-based in vitro platform simulating arterial and venous conditions to address this gap. Notably, adrenergic NB cells transdifferentiated into TECs where there was an arterial-like stiffness, while mesenchymal cells did not. This platform facilitated the identification of Globotriaosylceramide (GB3) as a novel TEC biomarker. Moreover, we harnessed Shiga toxin-functionalized nanoparticles for the specific targeting of GB3-positive cells, showing promise for future therapeutic strategies. Our study provides insights into NB heterogeneity, offers a predictive tool for assessing aggressiveness, and introduces potential targets for precision therapies.Abstract Neuroblastoma (NB) is a childhood cancer in sympathetic nervous system cells. NB exhibits cellular heterogeneity, with adrenergic and mesenchymal states displaying distinct tumorigenic potentials. NB is highly vascularized, and blood vessels can form through various mechanisms, including endothelial transdifferentiation, leading to the development of tumor-derived endothelial cells (TECs) associated with chemoresistance. We lack specific biomarkers for TECs. Therefore, identifying new TEC biomarkers is vital for effective NB therapies. A stiffness-based platform simulating human arterial and venous stiffness was developed to study NB TECs in vitro. Adrenergic cells cultured on arterial-like stiffness transdifferentiated into TECs, while mesenchymal state cells did not. The TECs derived from adrenergic cells served as a model to explore new biomarkers, with a particular focus on GB3, a glycosphingolipid receptor implicated in angiogenesis, metastasis, and drug resistance. Notably, the TECs unequivocally expressed GB3, validating its novelty as a marker. To explore targeted therapeutic interventions, nanoparticles functionalized with the non-toxic subunit B of the Shiga toxin were generated, because they demonstrated a robust affinity for GB3-positive cells. Our results demonstrate the value of the stiffness-based platform as a predictive tool for assessing NB aggressiveness, the discovery of new biomarkers, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of targeted therapeutic strategies.

JTD Keywords: Alternative vasculature, Angiogenesis, Cells, Differentiation, Gb3, Neuroblastoma, Origin, Tumor-derived endothelial cells