by Keyword: Cancer immunotherapy
Hinnekens C, De Smedt SC, Fraire JC, Braeckmans K, (2023). Non-viral engineering of NK cells Biotechnology Advances 68, 108212
The last decade has witnessed great progress in the field of adoptive cell therapies, with the authorization of Kymriah (tisagenlecleucel) in 2017 by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a crucial stepstone. Since then, five more CAR-T therapies have been approved for the treatment of hematological malignancies. While this is a great step forward to treating several types of blood cancers, CAR-T cell therapies are still associated with severe side-effects such as Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD), cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurotoxicity. Because of this, there has been continued interest in Natural Killer cells which avoid these side-effects while offering the possibility to generate allogeneic cell therapies. Similar to T-cells, NK cells can be genetically modified to improve their therapeutic efficacy in a variety of ways. In contrast to T cells, viral transduction of NK cells remains inefficient and induces cytotoxic effects. Viral vectors also require a lengthy and expensive product development process and are accompanied by certain risks such as insertional mutagenesis. Therefore, non-viral transfection technologies are avidly being developed aimed at addressing these shortcomings of viral vectors. In this review we will present an overview of the potential of NK cells in cancer immunotherapies and the non-viral transfection technologies that have been explored to engineer them.Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
JTD Keywords: adoptive cell therapy, cancer immunotherapy, immunotherapy, messenger-rna delivery, nanoparticle, nk cells, non -viral engineering, sonoporation, t-cell, transfection, ultrasound, Adoptive cell therapy, Cancer immunotherapy, Cell engineering, Natural-killer-cells, Nk cells, Non-viral engineering