Cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Currently, it is estimated that one in six deaths in the world is due to this group of diseases and, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of patients suffering from some type of cancer could double by 2040. Experts claim to develop new ways of dealing with the disease with the aim of improving its diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Bioengineering, a discipline that combines science and engineering for health, can play an important role in contributing to this. In this context, nanomedicine, a discipline that takes advantage of systems on the scale of one million times less than the thickness of a hair, has been indicated as a priority in the strategic agendas of the OECD countries, as well as of the other emerging countries. Its implementation is focused on improving the quality of patient service, allowing progress towards a more personalized healthcare technology, with an acceptable cost level. In Spain, the platform that brings together the efforts to apply nanomedicine to the fight against diseases is Nanomed Spain, coordinated by the Institute of Bioengineering of Catalonia (IBEC).